IBD Medication Guide



Brand Name(s)

Apriso™, Asacol® HD, Canasa®, Delzicol™, Lialda™, Pentasa®, Rowasa®, Mesalamine DR 800 mg

Drug Class

Aminosalicylates (5-ASA)

How taken

Oral or rectal

Used for

Mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis

Recommendations for Pregnancy

Limited human data: Asacol® HD should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus

Recommendations for Lactation

Detected in human milk: caution should be used

Medication indication

Mesalamine delayed-release tablets or capsules and extended-release capsules may be used to treat ulcerative colitis that affects any part of the colon. Mesalamine suppositories and enemas should only be used to treat inflammation of the lower part of the colon.

Indicated for pediatric use

NOTE: This medication may be recommended for pediatric use. Be sure to talk to your doctor about potential risks and side effects.

Most common side effects

Common side effects include headache; muscle or joint pain, aching, tightness, or stiffness; back pain; nausea; vomiting; heartburn; burping; constipation; gas; dry mouth; sore throat; cough; flu-like symptoms; stuffy head or runny nose; ear pain; anxiety; sweating; acne; slight hair loss; and diarrhea.


Rare side effects include pancreatitis. Caution should be used for individuals with pre-existing liver disease or renal impairment

Learn more about aminosalicylates (5-asa)

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